The Different Types of Science Degrees

The U.S Bureau of Labor ranks science oriented degrees as among the most secure today. This has triggered a renewed interest from students all over the world. There are different types of science degrees that you could pursue at leading universities across the globe. However, it is prudent to know what each of the disciplines entails before enrolling in order to avoid the mistake that most students make by choosing a subject they realize would not lead them to where they want to be. The following is a simple guide of various science programs:

Computer Science

This is one of the of the most sought after degree programs due to the demand created by the use of computers in almost every facet of life. This degree deals with information and computer technology and requires you to be adept at mathematics, science and logic. You can specialize in one of the many branches of computer studies depending with the university curriculum. Areas include web development, software development, application development, and systems engineering.

Information Technology

This degree is similar to computer science and covers a wide range of fields. It simply deals with computers software and other electronics which are used to convert, process, and transmit information.

Environmental Science

This is multidisciplinary program that encompasses biological and physical sciences such as soil science, ecology, physics, chemistry, geology and geography. Its main aim is to equip learners with knowledge on how environmental systems work and how to solve arising problems.


This program could be simply defined as the study of life. It equips you with knowledge about living organisms and how they interact with the environment. Learners become lab technologists and could pursue careers in the pharmaceuticals field.

Forensic Science

Forensics deals with gathering and probing evidence. Graduates normally end up as criminal investigators and law practitioners. Geologists, biologists, astronomers, and archaeologists also require forensic expertise in their careers.


Biotechnology involves scientific research towards the development of medications, vaccines, and other pharmaceutical products.

Health Sciences

There are various programs in the Health Sciences discipline such as Health Management, Health Communication, Preventive Medicine, and Behavioral Health among others. The program aims at equipping you with the necessary skills in health administration with specialization in the field of your choice.


A science degree in chemistry fuses natural sciences such as physics with the study of matter. You would therefore end up as an expert in the production of various types of chemicals.


Programs in this field involve the study of quantum physics and the laws of nature that dictate how the earth operates. You have to be adept in mathematics and sciences to pursue physics. This knowledge allows you to work in technology related industries and engineering plants.


Psychology involves studying the behavioral patterns of human beings using scientific principles. Experts in the field work in health and learning institutions as counselors and clinical officers, or in law enforcement agencies as investigators depending with the units of specialization.

Statistics and Mathematics

This involves the study of mathematical methods and scientific systems used by statisticians working in large businesses and government agencies that deal with numerical data.

Veterinary Science

The program would equip you with the physiological skills required to nurse domestic and wild animals.


This is a science degree that deals with the application of information systems such as computers to human life. The most common is Healthcare informatics.

Library and Information Science

Information science also deals with various types of information systems including computers, media, and the library. You can major in one of the several options offered at universities.


Nutrition or food science deals with the study of food and how different diets affect the body. You would work as a health practitioner in a clinic, sports diet consultant, or as a freelance diet consultant.

Criminal Justice

This science deals with studying how justice systems work in the prevention of crime and rehabilitation of law breakers. Graduates work as government consultants in law and in international organizations.


Pursuing criminology would make you an expert in the study of how natural and artificial interactions trigger criminal behavior, long term impacts in the society, and the remedies.


Psychiatrists study, diagnose, and treat mental disorders while also devising ways of preventing the same.


In Economics, you would study the laws that govern how goods and services are produced, distributed, and consumed in a given society while integrating the concepts of administration.

Human Resource Management

Human Resource Management is a social science that deals with public administration based on various value systems to ensure a cohesive and productive society.

While some science degrees share names, it is common to find universities having different names for the same kind of course.

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